Te pito o te Henua - Rapa Nui - Easter Island
Our oral tradition tells that King Hotu Matua came to Easter Island from the mythical island Hiva, in the Marquesas Islands possibly, sometime between the sixth and eighth centuries d.c.It is believed that when Hotu Matua and his men (about 100) landed on the beach of Anakena, bringing you need to form a new civilization, they found an island covered with palm trees and edible plants, which also abounded seabirds and fish.
Once established Hotu Matua which defined the social and religious organization of the new community would dictate nomas for the construction of houses and monuments.Those early years would have devoted to exploit everything offered the island, cultivate species that they had taken and increase the population of animals and humans.
Almost everything we now know about the Rapanui culture, comes from the narrative of his travels made the first Europeans arrived at Easter Island.
The first to arrive was the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen who arrived in the island from the archipelago Juan Fernandez, while searching for the Terra Australis, the Southern Hemisphere legendary continent that, according to the beliefs of the time, balanced Northern Hemisphere land.
Roggeveen sighted the island, which did not appear on their maps navigation on Sunday April 5, 1722, and as that day was Easter Sunday, named the island with the name of Easter Island, a name that has lasted until today.The Dutch only managed to stay one day land because of strong winds and, as found few possibilities of supply, departed bound for Tahiti, continuing his legendary search.
It is from this year that is beginning to be written records of our history and culture.